Bayrampaşa (pronounced [bajˈɾampaʃa]) is a suburban district of Istanbul, Turkey on the European side of the city. The district comprises both working class residential and industrial areas. The population is 240,000 (1997), and the district covers an area of 8 km2 (3.1 sq mi).
The people of Bayrampaşa are mainly Albanians and Bosniaks. The housing in Bayrampaşa is generally poor quality and there are workshops and small factories even in the residential streets, while large areas of the district are purely industrial.
There are a number of important public buildings in the area: Istanbul's largest prison (that has been now idled); two large sports complexes; the main bus station (which is actually in Bayrampaşa although it is named Esenler bus station). Bayrampaşa lies on the route of the old road to Thrace and a number of major roads and a light railway run through the middle of the area.
The area was known as Sağmalcılar until 1970, when a large outbreak of cholera, caused by pollution of the Ottoman-built water supply by new buildings and factories, led to the area being quarantined. Following this incident, the name Sağmalcılar became synonymous with cholera, so the district was renamed Bayrampaşa, after the 17th-century Ottoman grand vizier Bayram Pasha. Little of the Ottoman water system, which was built by Mimar Sinan, remains today.
Bayrampaşa is famous for its artichokes produced in the past, but now although there is no production in the region its name is given to a variety of artichoke in Turkey. Also there is a large statue of an artichoke in the middle of the district which became a symbol of the region.
The local football team based in the district is called Bayrampaşaspor.
On 1 December 2015, an explosion occurred near Bayrampaşa metro station, leaving several injured.