Dolmabahçe Saat Kulesi,
Dolmabahçe Clock Tower, included in the palace complex, was built by Sultan Abdulhamid II (1876-1909). It is located between the Bezm-i Alem Valide Sultan Camii (Mosque) and the Treasury Gate of the palace.
Constructed by the Ottoman architect Sarkis Balyan between 1890 and 1895, the four-floor tower was designed in Ottoman Neo-baroque and empirical style. The tower has a foundation of 7.40 square meters, and is 30 m tall. The tower is surrounded by four-stepped stairs and four two-levelled granite fountains.
The tower includes four clocks on each side. Its clocks were manufactured by the well-known French clockmaker house of Jean-Paul Garnier, and installed by the court clock master Johann Mayer. In 1979, the original mechanical clocks were converted to semi-electrical.